Bilbergia: description, care, maintenance, reproduction, photo, video, transplant
Bilbergia (Billbergia) is an evergreen epiphytic and terrestrial plant, belongs to the bromeliad family. Dry climate and sharp temperature changes are suitable for bilbergia. The leaves are colorful, stiff, and look like a tube, due to which they accumulate moisture in themselves. The edges of the foliage has spikes, and the rest of the surface is covered with peculiar scaly elements. The flowers are brightly colored, and look like a spiral, they can curl up with a pipe. The plant also bears fruit in the form of berries.
The processes periodically appear on the sides, due to this large shrubs are formed that have separate rosettes, such a plant can have a height of up to 60 centimeters. For the first time, color ovaries appear after three years. In the future, after the plant fades, the rosettes die, and new sprouts appear in their place, which can bloom by the next season. In a perennial bush, many processes can appear that are capable of giving flowers at one time. After a couple of months from flowering, the old processes must be cut off, thus updating the bush.
Agrotechnics for growing bilbergia, care
- Lighting. It is better to put a flower pot on a southeast or southwest window, where there is enough light, but there is no direct sunlight. If the plant stands on the window of the southern location, then in the summer at noon shading will be required. Draft is not afraid of bilbergia and likes frequent airing. In summer, you can take it to the garden or balcony.
- Temperature cultivation should be in the range of 18–20 degrees in the fall-winter (not lower than 13), and with the arrival of spring until late autumn in the range of 20–25 degrees.
- Air humidity when the flower is kept, it will be necessary to increase it by spraying, but also dry air is not a problem for the plant. When the heat rises above 20 degrees, it is recommended to spray with soft warm water. To reduce dryness, you can put the pot on moistened moss or expanded clay, laid in a deep tray with water. The bottom of the pot should not touch the liquid.
- Watering. The substrate in the pot should always be moist, but stagnation of moisture threatens to rot the roots. When the winter is cool, the moisture is reduced (once every 7 days, when the soil dries from above). Water should be soft and warm. Often, liquid is also poured into the funnel of a leaf outlet, but if the temperature is not lower than 20 degrees. When the flowering has ended, the moisture should not get into the funnel, as this will lead to decay of the bush.
- Fertilizers make in the spring-summer months every 2 weeks. Use top dressing for bromeliad or flowering houseplants, only reduce the dose by half.
- Transplant and soil selection. For the cultivation of bilbergia, any universal soil is suitable. You can also mix leafy soil, horse peat, humus and add river sand and chopped sphagnum moss.
You will have to change the pot when the bush grows much or the roots begin to crawl out of the tank. A good layer of drainage is laid at the bottom. A flowerpot is needed wide, but not deep. Since the plant is epiphyte, it can be grown on driftwood or tree bark.
- The appearance of light brown spots on the sheets, indicates too bright lighting. The plant must be rearranged in a slightly shaded place.
- If the moisture is too plentiful, or when watering with hard water, the ends of the leaves become dry and brown.
- Another symptom of excessive watering is the death of young rosettes of leaves on not yet blooming plants.
- If a loose outlet is formed, or if it falls sideways, it is necessary to strengthen the lighting.
- Yellowing of leaves and dying off indicates a pest infection.
- Two months after flowering, the old leaf rosettes are carefully removed. This makes it possible to do without transplantation for a long time.
- In one container you can combine different types of bilbergia, as well as combine with other types (sansevier, scindapsus, ivy). So you can create unusual decorative compositions.
The plant can reproduce with the help of seeds and root offspring (children), which grow from the root.
Before sowing, the seeds must be soaked in a manganese solution, and then dried well. They are sown in a mixture of peat and sand or crushed moss, a vacuum is created from above from polyethylene or glass. The temperature should remain constant, about 21 degrees, while spraying the soil composition, and airing. When leaves appear, the sprouts gradually create a dry-looking climate. After the formation of three leaves, the plant is planted in separate containers.
Reproduction by children
Children are disconnected from the main plant in the third month, when transplanted. When the children reach a length of about 20 centimeters, they are disconnected and cut off. All sections are covered with charcoal and dried slightly in a well-ventilated place.
For the preparation of the soil composition, sheet soil, two parts of sand, and one humus are used. Also, the stalk can be immediately placed in the soil, which is intended for an adult bush. In order for the children to take up well, it is necessary to observe a temperature of 22 degrees, while heating should be from the bottom, the soil composition should be at least 25 degrees. To increase humidity, put a jar or bag on all cuttings. At the same time, it should not touch the handle itself, therefore, several sticks are inserted into the container, on which the package is pulled, its edges are connected with an elastic band. The accumulated liquid will go down the bag or jar, not the plant, otherwise decay may occur.
In this process, the plant needs bright light of a scattered look, without the active rays of the sun, warmth, good humidity, and a temperature of soil composition of 25 degrees.
Pots with soil can be heated using special lamps or conventional heating batteries. If the conditions are favorable, then the roots are formed within 30 days. At this time, it is necessary to prevent drying out or overmoistening of the soil composition, it is necessary to periodically ventilate the shoots, that is, remove the bag for several minutes a day. If the shoot is accepted, then new green leaves appear in the center.
During transplanting, the old bushes can be separated, they will bloom in the next season.
Interesting facts about bilbergia
Bilbergia has the property of releasing volatile substances from its foliage, which have a phytoncidal effect. That is, with their help, a number of pathogenic microorganisms are destroyed. There is also an active enrichment of the whole environment with organic and mineral substances. All this contributes to the negative ionization of air in the room, there are more ions that are so useful to the human body. This creates a healthy "electrostatics". The plant helps to absorb strong and loud sounds, while creating a cozy and comfortable environment.
The energy of Belbergia tends to spread from the bush in the form of concentric circles, which contribute to the neutralization of negative and negative aura and emotions. The plant is recommended to grow people who have a lack of perseverance, the ability to concentrate on one important thing in time, as well as those who are hard to remember new information. Bilbergia helps to eliminate these shortcomings, helps to develop logic and maintain a lively mind, stimulates the owner and all those present to comprehensively develop and seek new knowledge. Even in Feng Shui, the plant is a symbol of spirituality and life wisdom.
Pests and diseases of Bilbergia
Despite the fact that the plant is resistant to diseases andinsect exposureThere are parasites that damage plants. If you find them in time, they do not pose a serious threat.
This aphid can be found on leaves from inside or outside the plant. Affected shoots turn yellow and gradually die off. Fighting the pest is easy. To do this, you need a solution of the drugActellicsponge and spray gun. It is prepared simply: 20 drops of the drug are dripped into a liter of water. In this solution, moisten a sponge and remove all pests found. Next, you need to spray all the plants with a solution. Usually in 1-2 procedures, the pests disappear completely.
This parasite eats leaves and leaves its discharge on them. A fungus similar to soot settles on them and multiplies rapidly. A damaged plant will be weak, lose its decorative effect, the leaves will turn yellow. If you do nothing, the plant will quickly die.
You can get rid of the pest in an integrated way. First, the whole plant is wiped with a sponge moistened with alcohol or a soap solution. Then you need to spray it with Actellik, or another chemical agent from pests of indoor flowers. If you have done a good job and there are no pests left on the leaves, then one procedure will be enough.
Red spider mite
This pest can live on either side of the leaves. Affected shoots are all shrouded in cobwebs, turn yellow and lose their qualities. The plant grows very poorly and also looks. If not treated, a tick kills the plant in 1-2 months.
Getting rid of him is easy. First you need to collect the cobwebs, then treat the leaves with a solution of ordinary soap and spray with Deciss from the spray gun. Regularly process plants and there will be no mite problems.
It occurs due to violation of the irrigation regime and settles on the leaves from above. Insects feed on shrub juices. As a result, the nutrients obtained from the roots go not to the development of the bush, but to feed the aphids. Larvae of parasites grow quickly and grow into new pests.
As a result, she sucks all the juice from the shoots, the leaves turn yellow and die off. You can change the situation by removing all pests with a sponge and soap and treating with Actellik's solution. The solution is prepared, as in the case of a scab. About 20 drops of the drug are taken per liter of water and mixed. The resulting solution, spray the shrub.
Types of Bilbergia
- Pyramidal bilbergia (Billbergia pyramidalis) is a species that grows on the surface of the soil. Out of a small number of leaf plates, an outlet is formed in the form of an elongated funnel. The leaf plates are distinguished by wide-linear outlines and having a sharp point at the apex. Their length reaches 60–80 cm with a width of 5–6 cm. The color of the surface of the sheet is bright green. Bracts almost grow straight up, have a pink tint and strong dense torsion at the very base of the inflorescence. The inflorescence group is characterized by direct or almost direct growth, it can be pyramidal, corymbose or short-cylindrical in shape. Its length does not exceed 15 cm, casts with dense white pubescent. Bracts are quite small. Flowers are attached to short pedicels. The sepals of buds are fused, painted in pale red tones, the petals are shaped like tongues of a bright carmine-red color, their length far exceeds the size of the stamens. The flowering process stretches from the middle of the spring period to the month of July.
- Bilbergia drooping (Billbergia nutans). It is a plant with an epiphytic form of growth, which also forms an elongated leaf-shaped rosette. Only in this variety leaf plates have narrow outlines. In shape they are linear with narrowing to the apex. Their lengths vary in the range of 60–70 cm with a width of only 1–2 cm. Spikes adorn the edge. The hue of the foliage is green, but if the lighting is too strong, a reddish or bronze color is mixed in. The stalk is thin and long, drooping. Bracts of pink leaves. The flowering process occurs in the winter.
- Bilbergia magnificent (Billbergia magnifica) has an elongated outlet. The outlines of the leaves are linear with a pointed tip. The surface of the sheet plate is dense and rigid, the edge is decorated with spikes. The length of the leaf reaches 70–80 cm with a width of 6–8 cm. The color of the foliage is bluish-greenish, and a pattern of transverse stripes of light color is on the outside from the outside. The inflorescence is loose, drooping, reaching a length of 20-30 cm. The flower-bearing stem (axis) has a strong pubescence. Peduncles and bracts of large lower buds, oval or slightly elongated. In appearance, they have asymmetry and have slight pubescence. The flower petals are linear, during flowering they can twist in a spiral shape. Their lengths reach 7 cm in length. At the very top, they are painted in a blue tint, the anthers are the same. The fruit grows in the form of a berry. The flowering process occurs in the summer.
- Bilbergia green (Billbergia viridiflor) - a large epiphyte, in which the leaf rosette is thicker than the variety described above. Linearly elongated leaves have a pointed apex and serrated edge. Their length is 60–70 cm with a width of up to 5–6 cm. The color of the foliage is bright green; small gray shades of scales cover the entire surface. Bracts are painted in bright pink tones, grow straight. The petals of the bud reach 4–5 cm in length, their color is green. Flowering lasts from the beginning of spring to the end of the summer months.
- Bilbergia zebra (Billbergia zebrina). The leaf plates of this flower under the bright rays of the sun begin to gradually acquire a purple-bronze color with a beautiful pattern of transverse silver stripes. Flowers gather in a loose racemose inflorescence. The flower-bearing stem has a pink color and bright pinkish bract leaves.
- Bilbergia tape (Billbergia vittata) Flowers of a dark blue color, located on a pink stalk, are decorated with bract petals with a rich bright pink color.
- Bilbergia Sanders (Billbergia Saundersii). The height of the outlet is 30 cm. The color of the leaves is green-bronze on top, reddish-brown below, there are yellowish-pink spots, specks and stripes.