Beaver Yorkshire Terrier: the history of the origin and character of the dog
Beaver Yorkshire Terriers is a young breed that appeared in the late 20th century. During their existence, these decorative dogs, thanks to their pretty appearance, friendly character and unusual color, have managed to conquer many dog breeders around the world. In addition, the beaver wool does not shed and does not provoke allergies. They are active and easily find a common language with other pets and young children, which makes them ideal pets for people with an active lifestyle and young families.
Beaver Yorks appeared in Germany with breeders named Beaver. In 1984, in a litter from ordinary Yorks, as a result of a mutation of the gene responsible for the presence of white spots, a puppy with black-white-gold-yellow hair was born. The Biverov couple started breeding such unusual puppies and after 4 years of selection, in 1988, at the Wiesbaden show, presented to the public a new breed - the Yorkshire Terrier biver. As an independent breed called the “Beaver Yorkshire Terrier a la Pompom”, the biveres were registered by the German Club of Dog Lovers. The latest version of the standard was signed in 2007, in Russia the breed was officially recognized in 2008. Beavers are not just one of the varieties of Yorkshire terriers. American scientists conducted a genetic examination, the results of which revealed differences in the DNA of Yorks and minibivers, which indicates the use of blood of other breeds for their excretion.
|Conditions of detention:||House, apartment (room only)|
|Appointment:||Companion dog, decorative dog|
|Color:||Mixed symmetrical coloration, including brown, silver, black, blue, gold and white (on chest and head)|
|Adult Dog Size:||Growth at the withers - 22-23 cm, weight - 2-3 kg|
|Average life expectancy:||15-17 years old|
|Walk:||Two-time walking recommended|
|The need for physical activity:||Average need for physical activity (walking for 20-30 minutes, regular games)|
|Classification of the International Kennel Federation (ICF):||The breed is not recognized by the IFF, but the German club defines it in group 3: terriers, section 4: toy terriers|
|Puppy cost:||30000-60000 rubles. Without a pedigree - up to 30,000 rubles, pet class - 30,000-35,000 rubles, brid class - 40,000 rubles, show class - 60,000 rubles|
The first and most noticeable difference is color. Yorkshire terriers are owners of a dark, bluish - steel shade of wool, while biveres have light coat and white markings on their heads, their paws and belly are white. There are other differences in the exterior and mental qualities of yorks and beavers: Beavers have a larger, muscular and compact physique, they are stronger than yorks and move faster thanks to stronger limbs; The biver’s wool is thicker and denser, tundles are often formed on it, but it is more resistant to pollution; Beavers have a more stable psyche and calm character, Yorkies are more hysterical and shy. Also, the breeds differ in time and place of occurrence: Yorks appeared in the 19th century in Great Britain, and beavers in Germany at the end of the 20th century. According to experts, beavers have stronger immunity.
Breed standard, appearance
The Beaver Yorkshire Terrier is small in size. General impression: a strong, compact dog, small in stature (up to 22 centimeters) and weight (up to 3.1 kilograms). Very lively and temperamental, with a strong, balanced character, covered with wool in black and white.
The coat is luxurious and long, straight on all parts of the body, flowing down and parted in the middle along the back line.
Full compliance with the following exterior description is desirable:
- Housing. Compact and strong, with a straight back line, short loin and muscular croup. The chest is quite bulky, slightly convex or located in line with the shoulder-joint joints. Ribs moderately arched, long. The tail is high set, not dockable.
- Limbs. The forearms are straight, parallel, with a perfectly formed shoulder-shoulder joint, with a wide and slightly inclined shoulder blade. Hind limbs with muscular thighs, well-defined angles equal in length to the thigh and lower leg. Metatarsus low, hind limbs plentifully covered with hair.
- Head. Small in size, flat skull, muzzle of medium length, with black nose. The jaws are well developed, the scissor bite or straight, the absence of two premolars is allowed. The eyes are dark, with a black stroke, set straight, not too large, rounded. The expression of the eyes is lively, smart, and crafty. Ears are set, set high, triangular, small, covered with wool.
- Wool. Very long on the body, reaches the ground, silky and smooth, shiny.
- Color. On the head, two color options are allowed: white-black-gold or white-blue-gold. The case is either white-blue or white-black, allowed completely black or completely blue. The forelimbs, chest, abdomen and hind limbs are necessarily white.
- Movements: lynx, free and well balanced.
Maintenance and care
Beaver York - room dog, decorative. Keeping it on the street is unacceptable; it was created for living in a house, in an apartment, in comfortable conditions.
From the first day, determine the place in the house for the dog. Set there a stove bench or even a small house. Also take care of water and food containers. The beaver, in view of its irrepressible energy, must have many different toys in order to have something to do.
York quickly learns to use the toilet tray, but this does not mean that it does not need to be walked. Be sure to read the rules for walking a decorative pet:
- First train your puppy with a collar and leash. You need to do this at home, familiar to the pet.
- The first week walks should be short, no more than 10 minutes. Take your puppy out in the quietest time of the day, for example, early in the morning, when public transport is not yet running. Thus, stress can be avoided, the pet will gradually get used to an unfamiliar environment.
- Socialized Beaver York will need daily walks (3 times a day). In addition, the little dog loves to sit on his hands, he will be happy to accompany the owner to various events and during travels.
- Walking an active York in public places is necessary exclusively on a leash. In the crowd, he can easily get lost or get hit by a car. For free walking without a leash, look for a special fenced area or a deserted place.
- In early spring, late autumn and winter, we dress and put on shoes before walking the beaver. Without such insulation, miniature dogs quickly cool down, as a result they become ill.
Regarding the care of the biver, the Yorkshire Terrier takes a lot of time and effort to maintain the beauty of his luxurious coat. For example, combing is required daily 2-3 times. It is recommended to use a furminator.
We swim once a week. After water procedures, brush York under a stream of warm air.
Most owners trim their beavers. The most common short haircut is considered "under the puppy." For show dogs, original, exclusive haircuts are selected.
Also, to maintain beauty, health, York Beaver will need the following procedures:
1. Many Yorks have increased lacrimation. Therefore, in order to avoid the development of infections and the appearance of ugly lacrimal paths, it is necessary to wipe the eyes with cotton pads daily.
2. About once a month we cut the claws
3. We examine the paws after each walk for the appearance of cracks, splinter.
4. Between the fingers regularly remove lumps of felted wool.
5. We examine and clean our ears once a week. For cleaning we use special lotions on the recommendation of a veterinarian.
6. We clean our teeth with cleaning toys, special brushes and pastes.
In the absence of active walks and with improper nutrition, Beaver York can quickly gain extra pounds up to obesity. It is important to properly compose a diet and establish daily dietary intake.
You can feed York with dry and natural feeds. You can not mix, you need to choose one way of feeding. Change food or add new components of the diet you need to be very careful, gradually, so that there are no problems with the stomach.
With the natural method of feeding, about 60-70% of the total diet is reserved for protein food.
It is strictly forbidden to feed biver baked goods, sweets, river fish, sausages, potatoes, cabbage and legumes.
Depriving a walk always leads to a pet's nervousness. Without proper socialization, regular contact with animals and people, the dog becomes timid or aggressive. This is a real blow to the psyche. Therefore, it is recommended to walk even decorative sofa doggie 2 times a day (20-30 minutes).Beavers can adapt to the home tray, but don’t need to deprive them of the pleasure of frolic in the fresh air.
An important condition is walking on a leash. Yorks are very active and often run away from the hosts, get lost. Therefore, it is better to keep a favorite until complete memorization of commands.
Walking babies begins after the second vaccination. They should not be given a large load on the hind legs, so the animals are lowered and raised along the steps of the animals. Active jumps are not recommended.But the terrier will not refuse to run, he will happily chase pigeons and bring a ball.
The most important condition for the maintenance is the careful care of the coat. It is simple, subject to regular haircuts. Not show dogs are taken to the groomer, sheared as it will be convenient.All excess body hair is removed. The specialist will carry out hygienic procedures to remove hairs from the ears, cutting nails, and cleaning the paraanal glands. All this can be done independently, at least 1 time in 3 months.
If the hair is not shortened, then a tail from the bangs is collected on the forehead, which reaches into the dog’s eyes. A long cover is combed daily with a metal or wooden comb with long teeth.
Dogs are bathed 1 time per week, using gentle shampoo. After water procedures, the dog is thoroughly dried with a hairdryer at low speed and medium temperature. Wipe the eyes daily with a cotton swab and examine the ears for atypical discharge. You will need a monthly nail clipping.
The most important thing is to protect the cover from ectoparasites. Especially in the warm season, fleas and ticks quickly cling to long hair. In the fight against them, barrier agents (sprays, drops, shampoos) or insecticides will help.
Each individual is unique. Its existing character depends on heredity, upbringing, conditions of detention, psychological state.The breed has a single temperament - sanguine, therefore, for all Beavers inherent advantages:
- Peacefulness, lack of aggression, love for the whole world;
- Good relationships with children of any age and with other pets (even cats and rodents);
- Energy, playfulness;
- The ability to adapt to the mood of the owners, their rhythm of life;
- Developed intelligence, learning ability (dogs quickly remember commands and words);
- Security instinct (Yorkshire terriers meet and escort everyone by barking, vehemently defend their territory);
- Silence (animals do not bark just like that).
Cons of the breed do not overlap all the advantages:
- Playfulness (dogs like to dig, run away, get to know other pets, not paying attention to the teams);
- Touchiness, need for attention;
- Intolerance of loneliness;
- Some Yorkies, more often males, are aggressive towards brothers or males of other breeds, participate in fights;
- Propensity to manipulate households.
It lasts 58-62 days in dogs. During this period, the bitch needs care. Give nutrition special attention. Additionally add vitamins to the diet.
Three weeks after mating, do an ultrasound to determine the number of puppies. If a lot, they will be small. A dog can easily give birth.
In the case when there are few puppies (2-3), you may need to prepare for a cesarean section because the fetus will be large and the delivery will be difficult.
What are the signs of labor?
- A lowered stomach makes the bitch often go to the toilet.
- A trembling may appear throughout the body.
- Refusal of food.
- Sometimes black diarrhea appears.
- Better if they will be held in a veterinary clinic to avoid complications.
Character and training
By the standards of various exhibitions, the pet must be active, energetic, cheerful and confident. He must have a strong-willed and strong character. The dog should be in good contact with others. It is believed that beavers are much more balanced than regular York Terriers. However, this also depends on how the pet will be raised by its owner.
As for training, the biver also lends itself well to it, like other varieties of terriers. The main thing is to be patient, persistent, but show care and love for the pet. You can start training at the age of 3 months. Usually this option is suitable because it wants to exhibit a dog in competitions. For the rest, a later period is also suitable.
During the preparatory phase, it is necessary to pay attention not only to the technical, but also to the psychological nuances of training. It is very important to accustom the baby to a large number of people in one place, to begin his socialization. Then you need to familiarize him with the ring. Be sure to not forget about the rack. General teams are also allowed to start practicing at the age of three months. It is recommended to conduct classes not only at home, but also in the fresh air. Be sure to encourage your pet with goodies during training. A lesson can last no more than 20 minutes.
Although the puppy has a touching appearance, its owner must not change his mind and not be led in his wake, even when the little four-legged friend begins to persist. In general, beavers know very well what is allowed and what is unacceptable, so that they do not impose their desires. They feel great in apartments. The dog is small, so even a small room will be enough for her, the main thing is to walk her every day and do not forget about the games.
The average life expectancy of the Yorkshire Terrier beaver is about 13-15 years, although with proper care and nutrition, such a dog can live much longer (17-18 years).
A dog with good health is, unfortunately, not about a biver. Although, when compared with the Yorkshire Terrier, York Beaver has a stronger immunity.
Many health problems can be avoided if vaccination is given in time, external and internal parasites are treated, and a veterinary clinic is visited annually with the dog to undergo preventive examinations, tests and x-rays.
It is important to know that a healthy animal behaves actively, it has shiny coat, shining eyes, and excellent appetite. If the pet is sluggish, inactive, the hair has faded and falls into lumps, the appetite has disappeared, then it is time to sound the alarm and immediately contact the veterinarian. It is much easier to fight the disease at an early stage of its development. Beaver York has a predisposition to the following health problems:
- Legg-Perthes disease - necrosis of the femoral head, accompanied by lameness. Leads to muscle atrophy. It is eliminated exclusively by surgery.
- Portocaval Shunt - a hereditary disease of the vascular system. It is treated with surgery.
- Tracheal collapse - Progressive dorsoventral flattening of the tracheal lumen. It is treated medically.
- Pancreatitis - in the absence of treatment, the pancreas is destroyed, as a result, the animal dies.
- It responds poorly to anesthesia.
- Frequent dental problems. If before 7 months the Yorker did not have permanent teeth instead of milk teeth, contact your dentist. Also in York, early tooth decay, tartar, and increased gum sensitivity are often observed.
How to choose and how much a puppy costs
Beaver puppies cause a sea of tenderness and positive emotions, however, an illiterate approach when choosing a puppy can overshadow your experience of keeping a dog.
If you want to buy a Beaver York puppy, pay attention to these recommendations:
- Do not buy a puppy under the age of 3 months - by this time all routine vaccinations are carried out. Buying a dog over the age of 4 months is fraught with great stress for the animal: beavers adapt to the rhythm of the owners' life and get used to people very much.
- Estimate the place of residence and the conditions of the puppies and mother.
- Ask the breeder to submit documents: certificates of veterinary vaccinations, pedigree, if available - certificates of exhibitions.
- Pay attention to the puppy's ears: usually by the age of 3 months they stand, but can fall during the change of teeth (by the 4th month). The breeder is obliged to warn you about this and show how to care for your ears at this time (to cut the hair, glue cartilage).
- The puppy should be agile, playful and curious, while there should be no manifestations of aggression.
Important! Beaver puppies can not be cheap, and even more so give up in good hands. Respectable breeders try to keep the breed clean, which explains the high cost of animals. Therefore, the low price should alert you.
Due to the fact that the breed is not very common today, you can buy a puppy only from breeders. The cost of a puppy of the Beaver Yorkshire Terrier ranges from 500-1000 dollars.
According to people in whose house Beaver York lives, these are unique dogs that are distinguished by a cheerful playful character. At the same time, potential owners should be prepared for the fact that they will have to spend money on the purchase of special care products and on regular visits to the groom.
These cute doggies are very easy to maintain. They make excellent companions who are ready to accompany their owner everywhere. Beavers with equal pleasure will take part in fun active games and quietly lie on the couch next to the owner.
Despite the fact that representatives of this breed get along well with children, it is undesirable to take them into a family with babies who have not reached a certain age. Carried away by the game, a small child may accidentally injure a furry pet. You also need to be extremely careful when walking. Try to keep your beaver away from larger relatives, as a shepherd or labrador may inadvertently step on a miniature terrier and cause harm to it.