Italian spinon: the history of the origin and nature of the dog
Italian Spinone - Coarse Continental Pointing Dog. By nature, obedient, friendly, sociable, completely devoid of aggression.
There are few reliable facts in the history of spinon. In the literature there are many descriptions of wire-haired dogs of Italian origin, possibly the direct ancestors of modern dogs. The most famous images of hunting griffons date back to the 15th century and belong to the brush of Andrea Mantegna. The breed was allegedly bred in the Piedmont region of Italy. Who made up its genetic core remains a mystery. One of the theories says that it was now extinct Italian segujio, griffins from Central and Western Europe. Others attribute the spinon a kinship with the ancient Roman hunting dogs.
The breed probably got its modern name from lat. Prúnus spinósaк - turn. A large wire-haired dog was one of the few that could prey on small game in dense prickly thickets. After World War II, the breed almost completely disappeared. The reason lay not only in the post-war devastation. Italian hunters began to use other breeds: setters, pointers, spaniels. The conservation and revival of the spinon was undertaken by Dr. A. Cresolli. The breed standard Italian Spinone (Italian: Spinone Italiano) under number 165 was approved by the International Cynological Association in 1955
Italian spinons are suitable for a wide variety of hunting. They can catch a small beast on their own, climbing into the thickest and thorny thickets, indicate the location of the game to the hunter with a stand, and bring the game out of the water and from the ground. The Italian spinon has an innate sturdy stance, a distant flair and a free easy search. Italian spinons are obedient and have an exceptional scent. They do not move too fast, but enough to catch small animals. Spinone is one of the slowest hunting dogs.
Character spinon italiano
Italian spinon is very soft compared to most other pointers. He has a light and pleasant disposition, gets along with children, other dogs and animals. This dog is usually very devoted to the owner and has good manners. Italian spinons are developed mentally and physically. These are universal hunters who work equally well in the forest and in marshland. They are well oriented on the terrain. The working qualities of a hunter in a spinon are combined with the tenderness, kindness and devotion of a companion dog. This patient and hardy dog can be slow at work, but it is not without courage. Representatives of the breed are characterized by obedience, combined with the waywardness characteristic of hunting dogs.
At home, the Italian spinon behaves peacefully and friendly, firmly attached to all members of the family in which he lives. He gets along well with children and is always averse to frolic. The dog is active, energetic and reckless. Such a large and formidable family pet will not offend strangers and other animals. This is a loyal and loving dog with a good character. Spinon owners value their pets for being able to fully trust them in any situation. On a hunt, at home, on a walk, the Italian spinon is always on guard of the interests of the owner. The expressive eyes of the dog conquer both adults and children. A good disposition and friendliness make a spinon a favorite of others. The Italian spinon is an excellent swimmer. On hunting, the dog carefully and persistently searches for the beast, is able to perform the functions of a hound dog. Spinone is also an excellent apporter, easily bringing down shot production from water and from dense thickets.
Maintenance and care
Caring for an Italian spinon is not difficult.
- He cannot live in an apartment - there is too little space. The best option is a country house with free access to the courtyard.
- Walking it is necessary at least 1 hour per day. At the same time, it is advisable to make walks active and to have access to water, which the breed loves.
- Ears are inspected as often as possible, and they can be cleaned once a week.
- Since the animal most often runs on the ground, its claws quickly grow and can cause pain. Once a week, you need to inspect the paw pads for scratches and damage, and also look at the length of the claws. If it exceeds the norm, you need to cut them. To do this, you can buy special scissors or take the animal to a specialist.
- Training begins at an early age, so the animal will learn commands faster and better.
- It is necessary to comb out the hair more often, it is possible in a day, but not less often. For this procedure, you will have to purchase a special comb, because the animal has a very thick and stiff coat.
- Bathe spinon as it gets dirty. Shear hair only when necessary. For example, if she is very confused in the grass or when the dog is hot.
- In education and training, you should choosemotivational method. It is important from an early age to socialize the puppy so that he gets used to communicating with people and other animals. Sometimes during training, the dog will stubborn, but repeated repetition will solve this problem.
In the diet is not picky, some owners even feed them leftovers from the table. But this will significantly reduce the life of the animal, because even though it has a good stomach, the diet should be balanced.
It is very important to include meat and fish in your diet. It is better to give meat raw, and fish - cook and take away from the bones. To protein food, porridge is added without fail, and sometimes vegetables are put. Not all spinon will eat vegetables, in order to achieve obedience it is easiest to mix them with porridge or even mashed.
The animal can livefrom 12 to 14 years, depending on the quality of life and care. Their health is good, but due to the artificial appearance of the breed, as well as labor activity in the form of hunting, they can have some problems. So, due to the fact that they have hanging ears, they can develop ear canal diseases. This is due to the fact that water enters the ears, but does not dry out immediately, because the ears are down, and this can lead to inflammation. To prevent a possible illness, it’s worthwhile to carefully but carefully examine and clean your pet’s ears at least once a week.
They also often have joint diseases. So a frequent veterinary examination is required.
White background with red (brown, gray or taupe) spots.
Nose, eyelids, claws, paw pads in the color of the main color, white dogs have a pink nose.
- Light, narrow, short head.
- An upturned, sharply lowered muzzle, a sharp transition from the forehead to the muzzle.
- Flat, narrow skull.
- Small nose.
- Small, bulging or sunken eyes.
- Small, narrow, low set ears.
- Stretched format.
- Thin, long, weak neck.
- Small, narrow chest.
- Flat ribs.
- Sagging or hunchbacked back.
- Narrow, straight, long loin.
- Narrow, sharply slanted croup.
- Curved, thin forearms.
- Strong mark, inverted elbows.
- Weak metacarpus, very loose paw, goatskin.
- Saber, barrel-shaped set.
- Thin, long tail, with a kink.
- Short, soft coat.
- Black skin pigmentation.
- Bound movements.
Training an Italian spinon will require moderate effort from its owner. This breed is distinguished by natural curiosity, which allows you to teach it the most difficult tricks. You should be prepared for possible manifestations of pet stubbornness. If this dog does not like anything, or if she considers any actions inappropriate in this situation, then her trainer will have to try hard to make her obey his commands.
She also very negatively refers to any methods based on screaming or physical punishment, so the trainer should in every possible way avoid such methods. For Italian spinon training to be successful, the trainer must establish a trusting and friendly relationship with the dog and treat it correctly during training.
For Italian spinon, a general obedience course and early socialization are recommended. When choosing the type of activity for your dog and its occupation, remember that it is oriented towards human society.
Puppy Breed Selection
Italian Spinone Most Italian Griffons live in their homeland (more than 10,000 dogs). The annual growth is about 1000 puppies. The breed is mainly taken care of by the Italian Spinon Club (C.I.Sp.). Large nurseries are in the Netherlands, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Great Britain, Czech Republic and other European countries. The breed was fond of in the USA and Canada (about 3,000 dogs in total).
Some of these countries have been able to achieve full autonomy in breeding issues. According to FCI requirements, the breed is subject to operational testing. This means that even show dogs must have working diplomas and be suitable for hunting. In Russia and the CIS countries there are several nurseries. Sometimes on dog forums you can find ads for the sale of puppies, they rarely appear on sites like Avito.
The cost of such a dog is very high. The reason is that finding it outside of Italy is incredibly difficult. This can be done either through resellers, while there is a high risk of getting a sick puppy. The second option is to go to Italy. In this case, it will be necessary to spend money not only on the flight, but also on the design of the puppy in order to take him out of the country. Well, plus the cost of the animal. The dog itself will costfrom 1500 dollars and more Well, and additional transportation costs. Everything in the sum can reach 3500-4000 dollars or even more.
An unusual dog requires an unusual nickname.
- For the boy: Alpha, Bali, Basset, Bonjour (Bonnie), Joy, Dianon, Doni, Growl, Zoom, Orion, Romulus, Storey, Yakon.
- For the girl: Anais, Batisha, Vienna, Wanda, Dina, Zhuzh, Quini, Lorraine, Olive, Riana, Ronda, Stein.