Parrot diseases: types, photos, symptoms, treatment, description
Parrots get sick rarely enough, but even trouble can happen to them. There are symptoms that may very accurately reflect a particular disease. In this case, the sooner you notice something is wrong, the greater the likelihood that you will have time to help your feathered pet in time. In order to notice symptoms in time, the owner must know his bird well, namely, what is characteristic of it and what is not. Only the attention and care of a person guarantees the bird a healthy and joyful life.
External characteristics of a healthy parrot
The average duration of this bird, provided that it received good care, 14-15 years. If the bird is healthy, then you will find:
- Bright plumage and clean feathers.
- A clear look.
- Good appetite.
- Clean beak and cesspool.
- Smooth skin on paws.
A healthy bird will be active, inquisitive, you will constantly hear the sounds made by it, and it will adequately respond to you and other people around you. By the way, she will not forget about hygiene either.
The main symptoms of parrot disease
The owner of the parrot must be wary if his pet is trembling, his feathers will be disheveled, the tail is lowered, and mucous or any other discharge will appear from the eyes and nose.
We list the detailed symptoms of the budgerigar disease:
- Hard breath.
- The appearance of growths on the beak or paws.
- Loss of coordination.
- Vomiting, diarrhea.
- Contaminated plumage, disheveled and ruffled.
- Refusal of food.
- Discharge from the eyes, nostrils.
These are external signs of the disease, but how do you understand by behavior that the budgerigar is sick? The sick bird will not be active, reacts inappropriately to the owner and others, does not clean its feathers and does not wash, looks very untidy and exhausted, often sits in one place (at the bottom) and hides its head under the wings.
If you notice even slight signs that the bird is starting to get sick, it is recommended that you immediately contact an ornithologist or, in extreme cases, a veterinarian. This is necessary because the majority of budgerigar diseases are characterized by a rapid course and an aggressive form, and often assistance not provided on time leads to the death of the pet. For this reason, it is important not to miss the first signs of the disease and begin treatment of budgies.
Types of diseases
By the nature of the occurrence, all diseases of parrots can be divided into three main groups:
Let us consider in detail what symptoms manifest diseases from each group.
Diseases caused by viruses and bacteria: salmonellosis, aspergillosis, ornithosis, tuberculosis.
Signs of a budgie infectious disease:
- coughing, sneezing;
- runny nose
- weight loss;
- loss of appetite;
If a budgie gets sick with SARS, the symptoms resemble an ordinary cold. The pet breathes loudly, sneezes, his eyes turn red. Draft is harmful to small birds, they easily catch a cold. To avoid colds, you need to keep the ward in a warm room (22 - 250 C), water at room temperature.
Attention! Immediately after purchase, the bird should not be caged with other pets. A beginner needs a weekly quarantine in a separate room to exclude possible infection.
Diseases not transmitted to other individuals include:
- injuries (bruises, fractures, wounds).
To prevent poisoning, it is required to store harmful substances in an inaccessible place. Feed the bird only with fresh food and grain mixtures without signs of spoilage. If the domestic budgerigar is sick, therapeutic treatment with adsorbents is indicated. Activated carbon, polysorb will help. In case of injuries, a first-aid kit is useful to provide first aid to a careless bird. It should contain hydrogen peroxide, bandage, potassium permanganate.
Examples of invasive diseases: internal and external parasites. Worms cause a lot of trouble, which in parrots are manifested by such symptoms:
- untidy appearance;
- refusal of feed;
- the bird is constantly laughing.
Only a specialist can determine which parasites are present: helminths, ticks or fleas. At the slightest suspicion of pests, you need to show the feathered veterinarian. Untreated illness without treatment can lead to the death of a bird. The best way to prevent these problems is integrated hygiene, balanced nutrition.
Respiratory system diseases
A healthy parrot can sneeze a couple of times a day. In this case, the mucus from the nostrils (snot) does not stand out in the bird. The nostrils themselves are not blocked, not reddened. If the bird begins to sneeze more often - this is a sign of problems. One of the "not terrible" reasons for frequent sneezing is the dry air in the room where the parrot lives. Normal air humidity for keeping parrots from 65% and above. To humidify indoor air, use household humidifiers that are installed next to a cage or game stand.
It is important to know that parrots do not have a cold. Therefore, any signs of problems with the respiratory system of the parrot are a "red light" - the parrot needs specialized professional veterinary help.
Almost all parrot infections occur with lung damage, and most avian pathogens affect air sacs and the trachea. This applies to fungal, bacterial, and viral pathogens of parrot diseases.
The parrot began to sneeze often, his nostrils were red or swollen - urgently to a doctor, sign up for an x-ray.
Around the eyes and in the space between the eye and the nostril of the parrot there are air cavities (sinuses), covering only thin skin from above. These sinuses connect to the cervical air sacs, but are separated from the nasal cavity. When the infection gets into the sinuses and pus and mucus begin to accumulate in the cavities, then sinusitis develops. Signs of sinusitis are swelling and redness of the skin around the eyes, in advanced cases, "bags under the eyes" are formed.
In budgerigars, corellas and rosellas, the causes of sinusitis are often chlamydia and mycoplasmosis. In medium and large parrots (macaw, jaco, cockatoo, amazon, eclectus), sinusitis often develops as a result of escherichiosis, klebsiellosis, aspergillosis.
An infection that develops in a bird in the nasal cavity is called rhinitis. Owners of birds usually call rhinitis "runny nose" or "colds." The parrot is dead, the nostrils may be reddened, transparent mucus may stand out from the nostrils, the skin between the nostrils and the eye may be swollen or swollen. If you do not identify the cause of the infection in time, rhinitis can be complicated by bronchitis, pneumonia, sinusitis. Those. if you do not pay attention to the runny nose of the parrot on time, then after some time the bird may die from a systemic infection.
Voice change. Clicks
If the parrot's voice has changed - this is a sign of respiratory system diseases. The sounds that a parrot can make are varied and unimaginable, but the tone of voice of a parrot usually remains the same, each companion person knows this bird very well and can distinguish the voice of one parrot from another. Therefore, if you suddenly noticed that the voice of the parrot has become husky or has become coarse, or vice versa has become high - this is an occasion to do x-rays and other diagnostic procedures. Well, or at least call your bird doctor (and not an ornithologist).
In parrots chronically ill with air sac inflammation, one can hear characteristic rhythmic clicks when breathing. Especially often this symptom occurs in patients with large parrots (macaws, jacques, amazons, cockatoos, eclectuses), while the parrot remains calm and no other signs of the disease are manifested. The clicks on the walls of the air bags are comparable to the sound that occurs when a flat sheet of thick paper is folded in half. This is a very dangerous syndrome that occurs with various infections that affect the respiratory system of the parrot.
If you hear clicks when breathing the parrot, contact your veterinarian immediately.
In budgerigars with severe pathologies, due to the pain syndrome, a frequent ik sound can appear - this strange sound can not be described in any other way. "Ik" is a consequence of a spasm of the abdominal respiratory muscles. Often found in females who cannot bear. In the event of such a sound, the bird owner has only a few hours to save the bird and only competent emergency veterinary help can help here.
Budgerigars are relatively strong birds, but they can still become victims of a wide range of diseases. Always contact your veterinarian to make an accurate diagnosis. Your task as the owner of a budgerigar is to recognize the disease in general terms. The points listed in the symptoms of the budgerigar disease above will help you.
This is a very contagious infection. It is extremely difficult to detect in the early stages. Megabacteriosis appears and develops in the body of the bird without any external signs of the disease. The first thing you can notice is that your budgie is losing weight. However, despite this, he will continue to eat food with pleasure. The fact is that megabacteriosis complicates the digestion process. In addition, you may find undigested food in the litter. Also, the bird may have vomiting of food and mucus. Another parrot will have lethargic behavior.
Until 2004, bacteria was considered the cause of the disease. But now it’s been found that the disease causes yeast. Latin name: Macrorhabdus ornithogaster. The mistake was made due to bacteria, including streptococci, who took advantage of the weakened immune system of the budgerigar and spread a secondary infection. The combination of yeast and bacterial attack leads to a complete loss of strength, emaciation, atrophy.
Now about how to treat a budgerigar in the presence of such a disease. First of all, you need to see a doctor. Your veterinarian will prescribe a drug to fight this disease and recommend a healthy diet for recovery. Diet means the exclusion from the diet of all yeast and sweet foods.
In addition, you will still need to closely monitor your pet. The fact is that megabacteriosis has a terrible property. It can lurk in the body, and then begin to progress again in a few weeks.
This is another yeast infection. Many know her under the name "thrush." Candida is a fungus that is found in small quantities in the digestive system of parrots. If the concentration of the fungus is greatly increased, candida can harm the entire body of the bird. That is, not only the gastrointestinal tract. Some symptoms are similar to megabacteriosis infection: lethargy, vomiting, undigested food in the litter. Vomiting will have an unpleasant odor. Poultry goiter may increase due to gases released by yeast. In advanced cases, the budgie loses its balance and trembles.
Candidiasis can only be cured with drugs that kill bacteria. Therefore, a trip to the vet is important. Treatment takes about a week, during which the diet of the sick budgie should be carefully monitored. Sweet and yeast foods should be avoided.
Ornithosis (fever, psittacosis)
This is a bird-borne disease that most people have heard of because it can infect humans. Chlamydia (in Latin - “Chlamydophia psittaci”) is a bacterium that is an intracellular parasite. According to experts, 1% of wild birds are carriers of this disease. This figure reaches 30% among budgerigars living in captivity. Most of them are carriers, showing no symptoms on their own. But at the same time, the birds transmit the disease, the source of which is droppings and saliva. Therefore, keep the cells clean. This is the best way to prevent the spread of such a dangerous parasite disease.
If the budgie is sick, the symptoms will be as follows. A bird with ornithosis:
- will behave listlessly
- she has ruffled feathers
- breathing problems
- green droppings etc.
To accurately determine if a bird has a fever, do not wait for the situation to worsen. At the first symptoms of the manifestation of the disease in the budgerigar, contact a veterinary clinic. An experienced veterinarian will check the condition of the pet and prescribe treatment. The parrot will need to be isolated and the cage disinfected. If you have other birds, also monitor their behavior and condition. For example, if you notice that the budgerigar is sluggish, do not ignore it. This condition can be a wake-up call. Isolate those pets you suspect have ornithosis. Suspicious birds should also be shown to an ornithologist. The doctor will prescribe medication or may recommend lulling sick parakeets.
Papovavirus, French molt
Papovavirus is caused by avian poliomavirus and kills young birds before plumage. The virus does not affect adult birds. This is what budgerigars can hurt in infancy. Although it is likely that adults can be carriers of the disease. In a milder form, the virus causes a condition known as French molting.
Any wound can lead to sepsis (blood poisoning). Because of this, small birds, such as budgies, die very quickly. If you see any traces of blood on the bird or in the cage, inspect the pet to find the wound. The bird may have feather bleeding or some other kind of injury. Any wound should be shown to the veterinarian. He will then prescribe a suitable antibiotic treatment.
Prevention is the best cure for this problem. Make sure that there are no dangerous or sharp objects in the cage that could lead to injury.
Considering what are the diseases of budgies, symptoms and treatment, the topic of parasites cannot be ignored. Parrots sometimes become victims of internal or external parasites. Some of them are easy to detect when communicating with a bird. Other parasites become noticeable only after their presence begins to strongly affect the state of the bird. For example, the owner will easily notice that the pet is losing feathers. Someone can live in the avian gut. In this case, to determine the presence of parasites, it is necessary to notice the accompanying symptoms.
Infection with red ticks (Dermanyssus gallinae) will cause severe discomfort in your budgerigar. These blood-sucking creatures are difficult to detect with the naked eye. They reach a maximum of 1 millimeter and lead a nocturnal lifestyle, therefore they attack birds only at night. In advanced cases, the sick budgerigar will begin to suffer from large blood loss. As a result, the immune system will weaken and all kinds of infections may appear.
One way to detect red ticks is to apply double-sided tape to the secluded corners of the aviary. Ticks adhere to its surface. As soon as you see that they are there, thoroughly clean everything in the cage.To do this, use hot water and a cleaning brush. Then continue to check and clean for the next few days until the ticks disappear.
They are tiny digging mites (Knemidocoptosis or Knemidokoptes). They mainly affect the wax and the beak. But they can also cause problems in the legs and in the cloaca area. The first sign of illness is permanent scratching. The parrot will rub against any object that he comes across. Then a growth will appear on the wax, the beak is deformed, the ticks penetrate inside. Some feathers on the head may also be lost. If untreated, the affected parts of the body die, which leads to serious violations.
What to do if a budgie is sick? You need to intervene as soon as possible, long before the problem reaches an extreme stage. To cure a budgie, you need to visit a veterinarian. He will prescribe appropriate medications to the bird to treat the infection.
As mentioned just above, a scaly mite can also affect paws of birds. Then the signs of the disease in the budgerigar will be as follows: the legs will begin to swell and exfoliate. He will be very hurt. The ornithologist will tell you how to treat a budgie if it gets sick. Medical paraffin is usually used for treatment. But you should consult your veterinarian before using this remedy.
These pests eat feathers. They are rare in budgies. Domestic birds can get lice from wild birds. For example, when you give parrots sticks that you found on the street and did not handle it properly. Lice are easier to detect than ticks, because their length reaches not 1, but 3 millimeters. But at the same time, they can hide perfectly in the feathers of a parrot. Symptoms of the presence of lice:
- frequent shaking of feathers,
- spoiled woolen things.
Veterinarians treat lice with chemicals. Unfortunately, if one of your birds has these parasites, then most likely the entire flock is infected.
Parrots can become infected with roundworms. Therefore, we will touch on the features of this disease of budgies and its treatment. Roundworms are roundworms that live and breed in the intestines. Their eggs are passed through litter. Adult worms grow to 3.5 centimeters in length. For a bird in the form of a small budgerigar, this is a serious problem. They also take from the intestines all the nutrients that the bird receives from food. As a result, the feathered pet is severely malnourished. In extreme cases, there may be paralysis. But most often the symptoms are weight loss and lethargy.
What should the owner do if the budgerigar has ascariasis? We advise you to contact a veterinary clinic. The veterinarian will prescribe a medicine that removes worms. If successful, you will notice them in bird droppings. Treatment will need to be repeated after a few weeks. The fact is that it is necessary to get rid of worms that could survive in the form of larvae in the intestines of the budgerigar.
Common problems of birds living in open-air cages are ringworm and ascariasis. Litter there falls directly to the ground, which is an ideal environment for worm eggs.
Budgerigars, along with many other birds, have internal organs called air sacs. They are part of their respiratory system. Sometimes birds in tracheas and air sacs ticks and parasitize. This affects the voice of the sick budgerigar. He will stop twittering and will make hoarse sounds while breathing. If left untreated, the bird will eventually suffocate.
The tick spreads very quickly. Therefore, if you have several birds, they can also be infected. In the beginning, you may not notice this, since only after a few weeks a characteristic wheezing may appear. So, if one pet is sick, then he, along with the other parrots, should be shown to the doctor.
Thus, we examined the common diseases of budgies and their symptoms. I hope that the article was interesting and useful to you. Closely monitor the state of health of your bird, properly care for it. Also consult a doctor immediately if problems are found. Then your budgerigar will be happy and healthy!
What treatments are there?
To begin with, it is recommended to contact specialists. Only they will be able to accurately and quickly make the correct diagnosis and prescribe adequate therapy.
If this is an infection, then an antibiotic is required. As well as anti-inflammatory drugs, drugs that increase immunity, the appointment of homeopathic medicines is possible. The duration of medication and their dosage will also be prescribed by the attending specialist.
If it comes to non-communicable pathologies, then it is necessary to establish the source of the disease, eliminate it, and then begin treatment of concomitant symptoms, which will alleviate the general condition.
The main reason - poisoning - adsorbent agents, enzymes (activated carbon, Smectu) are indicated for use. To restore the intestinal flora - Linex. In case of bleeding - hemostatic agent “Dicinon“, a decoction of nettle and chamomile. In case of kidney infections - Vitasol.
When infected with ectoparasites, Aversectin ointment is effective, as well as Insectol and Celandine sprays.
Colds and SARS should be treated with warming, desoldering with herbal decoctions, baby syrups.
During the treatment period, it is also important to monitor proper nutrition, its diversity, if necessary, connect vitamin preparations. Follow all the doctor’s prescriptions, pay attention to the pet’s reaction to the introduction of medicines, so as not to miss the development of allergies and edema.
And, most importantly, remember, any disease is easier to prevent than to treat, everything is the same here as in people. Take care of your birds and they will answer you with kindness and affection!