10 best aquarium fish for beginners
If you want to go fishing, then this article is for you. This is because I am going to tell you about the 10 best aquarium fish for beginners.
If you want to buy fish for your new aquarium, you need to know which species are best for a beginner and why. This article will help you in this regard.
Firstly, I will tell you about the 10 best types of fish that novice enthusiasts should pay attention to. After that, I will also give you some fishing tips that may come in handy later.
Keep in mind one thing: the fish I'll tell you about is all kinds of freshwater fish. So, if you want to create an aquarium with marine life, this is not the list you are looking for.
Without further ado, let's start with the first type of fish that most people have in their aquariums:
Goldfish is a very popular breed of fish that most new owners of aquariums really like to buy. What makes them a good choice for beginners?
Goldfish usually do not require a lot of special knowledge, except for the general things that every owner of the aquarium should do regularly. For example, they need a regularly cleaned water environment and a good water filter.
This is a must for almost any type of fish. But goldfish are very sensitive to good water balance, so you should keep it in its best shape.
For a good nitrogen cycle, you should also buy a well-functioning water filter. Choose the one that incorporates the biological filter system, so you don’t have to worry about setting it up yourself.
Guppies are another popular fish species that many beginners like. This is a breed of tropical fish that needs a warm and clean aquatic environment in order to thrive.
You can find guppies at almost any pet store that sells fish for personal aquariums. They come in different shapes and colors, so all you have to do is choose the one that you like.
When buying a guppy, it is important to remember to always maintain the water temperature at the optimum level. Usually 70-78 degrees Fahrenheit is a good water temperature for this type of fish.
But so that you let them feel absolutely comfortable. Keep water at 78 degrees all the time if you can. If you have an aquarium in a colder place, just install a water heater. Remember to take care of this for the guppies.
Molly is another tropical fish species that many new aquarium owners enjoy. What makes them a good start for beginners? The most important aspect is the fact that they are easy to care for. You do not need a lot of specialized knowledge.
But it is important to maintain the water temperature at a higher level, as is the case with guppies. A water temperature of 72 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit is the best for this breed.
Molly can live up to 5 years if you take good care of them. The usual size to which they grow is 4.5 inches in length. They are omnivorous, so feeding them will not be the most difficult thing. You should not place aggressive fish in the midst of the molly, because they are very peaceful.
But do not forget that molly live best in a rather large aquarium.
Lashes are a great breed of fish for beginners. Like Molly, this is another peaceful breed that does not need much experience to take care of it. Braids are smaller than molly. They only grow up to 3 inches in length, but that does not make them look bad anyway.
To create a well-designed environment for this species, it is important that there is a lot of vegetation in the aquarium. Braids really like vegetation, a rich place to live, which makes them happy and long-lived.
Most braids can live up to 3-5 years if the medium is well made. In addition, a 10-liter water tank is a minimum, as is the case with molly. This will give them enough space for swimming.
If you are buying a braid, make sure you are buying a small group. This way they will feel much better in their new environment.
This species is very similar to the previous fish, as well as to the guppies from above. You can easily mix up swordfish from either of the two breeds mentioned.
The tails of a sword come in two different colors: a red and a green sword fish. For a better view of the aquarium, you can buy both colors. They are a very peaceful species that live in groups, like guppies.
But the swords are getting a little larger, up to 6.3 inches in length. Females - grow large. Males are slightly smaller, about 5.5 inches in length.
If you plan to buy some of them, you should know that for fully grown swordsmen you need a 15 liter aquarium. But if you plan to add more species, you can create a larger aquarium.
They do not need any special treatment. But one thing you should pay attention to is the sudden drop in temperature in the aquarium. They do not like it, so make sure that the temperature is always the same.
Corydoras, or Cory catfish, is a tropical fish species that is compatible with all other species. It is usually best to have 2 or 3 identical species with the measles fish.
This view is also quite adaptable. For example, water temperature is not the biggest problem in this case. You can have temperatures from 68 degrees to 82 degrees.
What is interesting about this fish is that it makes the environment cleaner than others. This is what we can say about too many breeds. Corydoras are a good addition, no matter what type of fish you have.
Mostly, Corey catfish will remain at the bottom of the aquarium, sucking the remaining food from the bottom. Basically, it is cleaning aquasa from solid food debris that others leave.
If you are looking for a popular type of catfish, then Pleco is a good choice. This is a catfish with fresh water, living in a calm environment.
Keep in mind, however, that this breed grows quite large: up to 24 inches long if you provide them with the proper conditions. So it’s a good idea to buy a fairly large aquarium. You should not buy anything less than 30 gallons in capacity.
You can put other fish in the same aquarium with Plecos, but not too many due to size restrictions. They are not the most sensitive fish, so this is a good view to begin with.
Also, if you are a beginner, you probably would like a fish that lives long, right? You will be glad to know that Pleco can live up to 15 years. Most of them easily reach the 10-year mark.
To make them feel at home, create an aquarium with many caves and snags. They like to hide in places like this, so make sure they are in your tank.
8. Betta Fish - Cockerel
Betta fish is a beautiful view that many people like to have in their aquariums. This is one of the most colorful fish you can buy for your aquarium. Betts are pretty minimalistic when it comes to caring for them.
They do not require special attention. For example, an important aspect is the purchase of a 10 gallon aquarium, which has plenty of room for swimming. This is not difficult to achieve.
In addition, the temperature at which your Betta fish will flourish is between 75 and 82 degrees. As I mentioned above, for such temperatures you may need a heater to keep the water like that.
Betta fish are quite peaceful, and you can put other breeds in the same aquarium with them. Betta fish will definitely make your aquarium special.
9. Neon tetras
Neon Tetra (CC BY-SA 4.0)
The neon tetra has rightfully earned its name thanks to the vibrant colors that it displays. You can get this fish in blue, red and translucent colors. This is one of the most basic fish, which is quite popular among novice fish owners.
Like most of the previous species, the neon tetra is also very peaceful and likes to live in small groups. If you take care of them properly, they can live up to 8 years. But they will not get too big. The normal tetra size is about 1.5 inches.
To make the aquarium the best fit for your tetras, be sure to place a lot of plants in it. This is their natural environment.
In addition, a 10 gallon aquarium is the minimum for this breed, especially if you plan to introduce other species.
Water temperature should be maintained in the range of 70 to 81 degrees Fahrenheit.
10. Tiger Barbus
Neon Tetra (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Tiger Barbus fish is instantly recognizable by the black stripes wrapped around its body. Tiger Barb is the perfect fish for the novice fish keeper.
It does not require special care, except for normal optimization of temperature and pH. The temperature should be between 75 and 80 degrees, with a pH level of 6 or 7.
Keep in mind, however, that tiger spines are not the most peaceful fish. This is especially true if they are alone in the aquarium. You must keep at least 5 or 6 of them together in a small group so that they are comfortable in your tank.
This breed loves swimming everywhere compared to other species. So it’s better to buy a larger aquarium if you plan to put Tiger Barbs in it. A tank of 20 to 30 gallons should work perfectly.
If you do everything right, which is not so difficult, your fish can live up to 10 years. But most of them live easily for more than 5 years.
You can find more information about aquarium fish here
Maintaining your beginner aquarium
Now that you know about the 10 best freshwater fish for beginners, it's time to give some tips that you should keep in mind:
It is important that your aquarium stands for a week before adding new fish to it. What does it mean? The water cycle usually refers to the nitrogen cycle, which should occur in any aquarium.
A good water filter will do the job. I briefly mentioned above that a water filter should also include biological filter material. It contains bacteria colonies that are used to break down harmful substances that will cause your fish to disgust.
Ammonia and nitrates are especially harmful. You must ensure that you have a biofilter installed before adding new fish to the aquarium. Your fish, regardless of its type, will inevitably produce waste that must be decomposed so that it does not get sick.
This is what makes a good biofilter. Do not forget this step, otherwise you can damage the fish without even noticing the reason.
Overfeeding your fish is one of the main causes of their loss. What for? The first problem is that one day your fish will not be able to eat everything that you give them.
All remaining products will be stored at the bottom of the aquas. This waste will decompose into ammonia and all kinds of nitrates harmful to your fish. If you do not notice, even a biofilter will not be able to cope with a huge concentration of these substances.
Another problem that arises from overfeeding your fish is that all kinds of diseases can appear because they eat too much. For example, a fatty liver is a very common disease.
This will affect liver function and lead to premature death of the fish.
There are other bad results that come with overfeeding. The main idea is to know when this is enough, and strictly follow the rules. Thus, you will be sure that nothing bad will happen to your fish in the aquarium due to excess food.
Regular water changes
You might think that this is not difficult, but many people periodically forget to change the water in their aquariums. Why is this so important? Even with a good water filter, the aquarium will get dirty over time.
This is why regular water changes are important for a healthy fish community in your tank. Typically, the water changes depending on the aquarium you own. But it's good to know exactly when it is time to take this step.
To ensure a longer water change period, you should regularly perform maintenance on the water filter. Residues will fill the media inside the device and you must clean it to ensure good performance. Thus, the filter will last a long time and you will have clean water all the time.
Choice of Aquas Helpers
I talked a little about this on some of the fish species above. However, it does not matter what kind of fish you choose for the aquarium, because you should always have helpers who feel comfortable with the fish already in the aquarium.
For example, a fish that grows larger than others and is carnivorous may not be a good idea to place among other smaller, more peaceful fish inside the aquarium.
In addition, you should not place rocks in an aquarium that could harm others. I mentioned above that tiger spines are not too peaceful unless you have 5 or 6 of them to live in a small group. If you buy only one, it will begin to hurt others.
Just like this species, others behave differently. So do your research before buying new fish.
What did you learn from today's article? First, I talked about the top 10 fish species. I also indicated that all 10 of them are freshwater fish.
Most of the species listed above get along well with each other. However, there are some exceptions, so do a proper research before adding several species to one aquarium.
Right above, I gave you 4 important fish storage tips that any beginner should consider before installing an aquarium. All of them are important, so do not miss them.
In general, make sure you know everything before starting your own aquarium. The fish I listed in this article can be a great starting point.
Once you set it up, you will have a rich aquatic life. So, make a lot of efforts to make your fish happy with their new environment, and they will prosper in it for a long time.