Acars - Varieties
AKARA BLUE-SPOT – Aequidens latifrons, synonymous with Aequidens pulcher.
Panama, Colombia. The male D and A are longer and sharper than the female. Responsive, especially with members of their family. T = (16) 23–25 °. Food - F, C, bread. Excretions of cancers cause turbidity of the water, therefore it is necessary to periodically replace it with 1/4–1/3 of the volume.Breeding: an aquarium of at least 20 liters; T = 26–28 °; dH - up to 25 degrees; pH = 7.0–7.2. The fry are fed with rotifers, nematodes, nauplii of crustaceans, and even crushed enchitreus.
AKARA CURVICEPS – Aequidens cupviceps the wrong synonym is Acara thayeri (English Sheepshead Acara, Flag Cichlid, Thayer’s Cichlid).
River basin Amazons. The male is up to 7 cm, the female is up to 5 cm. The male is larger than the female, D is sharper. Pugnacious. Keep with fish of the same family. T = 23–25 °. Feed - F, C.Breeding: aquarium about 45 l; T = 26–28 °; water hardness does not really matter (up to 25 degrees); pH = 6.5–7.2. Caviar is laid in a flower pot. Larvae hatch after 4 days. The fry are fed with cyclops nauplii and even egg yolk.
AKARA PORTAL GRENZIS – Aequidens portalegrensis (English Green Acara, Port Acara, Black Acara).
Brazil. Up to 15 cm; matured with 8 cm. The male is brighter than the female, D and A are longer. Lively with large fish. T = 22–24 °. Feed - F, C.Breeding: aquarium 90x37x37 cm; T = 25–26 °; dH = 20–25 degrees; pH is 7.0–7.2. Caviar develops 3 days. The fry are fed with brine shrimp.
AKARA MARONI – Aequidens maronii (English Keyhole Cichlid).
Guiana, Venezuela. Up to 10 cm. During spawning, the female is much fuller than the male. Resilient, especially with large fish. T = (20) °. Pure water with a neutral or slightly acidic reaction. Food - F, C. Breeding-aquarium 60x30x30 cm; T = 27 °; dH = 20–25 degrees; pH = 7.0–7.2. Larvae hatch after 4–5 days. The fry are fed with brine shrimp.
AKARA TETRAMERUS – Aequidens tetramerus, synonyms for Astronotus tetramerus, Labrus punctatus, Chromys punctata, Acara diadema, Acara pallidus, Acara dimerus, Pomitus bono, Chromys uniocellata. Acara uniocellata (English Pishuna).
South America from Guyana to the Rio de Janeiro area. Up to 15 cm. Matured from 10 cm. Lively, especially with representatives of their own family. The male is darker and brighter colored during the spawning period than the female. T = 18–30 °. dH not higher than 10 degrees. pH = 6.0–7.4. Feed - F, C.