Aquarium catfish: maintenance, care, compatibility, feeding, description, photo, video.
Care and maintenance
The maintenance and care of catfish is not a complicated process. They are kept under normal aquarium conditions at a temperature 22-28 ° C . Hardness of water 6-12. The acidity is neutral. If your acidity will deviate a little in one direction or another there is nothing to worry about. But it is very important that the water is not salty. Most species are not whimsical to the oxygen regimen since catfish have skin respiration or the ability to breathe atmospheric air.
The breathing process consists of floating the catfish to the surface, collecting air and sinking to the bottom until the air is completely consumed. Soil does not really matter. To make your catfish comfortable you need to equip an aquarium for him. Since catfish is a bottom inhabitant of the aquarium, you need to make some kind of shelter for it.
It can be made of stone, different types of driftwood, it can be artificial houses, castles and plants. As for living plants, you need to look at a specific variety of catfish, since many of them are herbivores and the plant can live with you for a very short time. But still, if you want to plant plants in the aquarium, and your catfish is herbivorous, you need to choose large plants and a well-developed root system. It is very important to make a territory for catfish and put a snag. Without such shelter, the catfish will not be comfortable and the ego's life will be significantly shortened, and thanks to the snag, the catfish will receive important cellulose.
Preparing to buy aquarium catfish
When deciding to purchase a pet, the necessary preparation should be made. By qualitatively exploring the characteristics of the pet's lifestyle and hobbies, you can guarantee the acquisition of the right things.
Additionally, catfish are called "household orderlies" for their love of eating soil. Fish destroy flakes and food waste from the bottom of the aquarium, thus maintaining the cleanliness of the reservoir.
High-quality cleaning of the aquarium is carried out by catfish pets, which is why the owner of the reservoir can forget about cleaning the aquarium. However, it does not hurt to purchase a high-quality filter, since the fish receive food in an original way. They lift the settled residues from the bottom surface, moving the body, after the food begins to float, catfish eat it.
When organizing the sharing in the aquarium, it is important to pay attention to the already settled inhabitants of the reservoir. Not all fish get along with their new neighbors and can eat them. Guppy and neon fish are a favorite catfish treat, therefore, to avoid deaths, fish should be separated.
To create optimal conditions for catfish, it is necessary to fill the aquarium with stones or dense vegetation. These fish prefer to stay in shelter until nightfall. In the daytime, they like to clean the bottom of the aquarium. However, catfish are not easy to see, as they have a special protective color and almost merge with stones.
Basically, catfish are peaceful, do not get into a fight with other aquarium fish, sometimes there are conflicts among themselves.
It happens that even a stronger catfish begins to drive the weak, and, alas, kills him.
But this is extremely rare. Compatibility of catfish with other fish depends on the type of catfish.
For peace-loving, herbivorous, you need to select non-aggressive neighbors. And to predators - larger fish that can fend for themselves.
Breeding and breeding
The process of breeding in catfish is quite simple, and if you have only fish of this species in your aquarium, you can not even plant them in a separate aquarium. Otherwise, for spawning catfish it is better to allocate a container with clean water with a capacity of 30 to 50 liters. Usually 3-4 males are left per female. It is highly desirable that in the place where spawning takes place, there are a lot of algae and soft soil.
If you want to push your pets to breed, you need to change the water temperature within 17-25 ° C and make aeration of the aquarium within a few days. Spawning usually occurs early in the morning. When the eggs are already laid, you can leave natural light or darken a little. A week after spawning, the female will be ready for new spawning. The fry develop rather quickly and almost immediately they can be fed with finely chopped bloodworms or “dust”.
Feeding catfish is very easy. They eat fish food, which lies at the bottom, thereby cleaning the bottom of the aquarium. Almost everyone eats: pieces of fish, shrimp, pills, frozen food, cereal Well, since most catfish are predators, they can eat small fish in the aquarium, taking them for food.
Drawing a conclusion, we can say that catfish in the aquarium is the right fish. Unpretentious and not in need of additional care, resistant to various diseases, well, very original and beautiful. Having a catfish, your aquarium will always look unique, and you can always rejoice and enjoy the beauty of your pet.
In subsequent articles you can find the most necessary information about the content of aquarium catfish, the species that interests you, the variety of aquarium catfish, feeding, care, as well as compatibility tables of catfish with other aquarium inhabitants.
You can often hear from pet store sellers that small and large catfish purify the water in the aquarium and this does not have to be done by the owner. Catfish, combing the soil at the bottom, really pick up everything edible, partially clearing the pollution. By the way, this does not mean that your pet’s food should be left to chance.
It is also important to note that silted water is the natural habitat of these fish. But this also does not mean that you do not need to clean the aquarium at all and only occasionally change the water. Enhanced aeration of water is really not needed, and clean water and an aquarium are the key to the health of your fish. If other fish live in you, they just need cleanliness, and catfish will quickly get used to it and will not experience any inconvenience.
General information about catfish
All types of aquarium catfish, of which there are a huge number in nature, are surprisingly similar in appearance. More than 1200 thousand different waterfowl variations of this species live in aquariums alone. Otherwise, these fish are called cleaners, because they eat the remains of a half-eaten rotting food lying on the bottom.
And many amateurs acquire such "orderlies" precisely because of their accuracy. You can buy such interesting specimens in any pet store. These aquarium fish instead of scales have a lamellar cover consisting of bone tissue. This feature distinguishes them from other waterfowl. Catfish live mainly at the bottom of glass ponds and are active only at night. They feed on plant foods, but sometimes they do not disdain to feast on the leftovers from the "lord's bottom table."
Catfish are very popular among aquarists, so the demand for them is very large. They buy shells for the reason that they are: quite peace-loving; they feel excellent in water at a temperature of 18 ° + 25 ° C; adapted to hard water; they feel confident with its average acidity with deviations plus / minus in different directions.
Nature endowed catfish with intestinal respiration. Looking out of the aquarium, they swallow air with their mouth, which is then processed into pure oxygen. If the catfish often lingers near the surface of the water, then it is difficult for him to breathe. Aquarium orderlies