Akara breeding content compatible feed photo video description.
Akars are fish with an unusual mother-of-pearl coloring of gills and stigmas. They are not only surprisingly beautiful, but also have a pronounced character. These types of cichlids are curious and love to watch life behind glass. Many of them recognize their master. The most popular among aquarists are: bluish-spotted Akara, Red-chested Akara, Turquoise, Blue Electric, Zebra, Maroni and Neon Akara. In total, today there are more than 30 types of cancer.
Akars live in the river water of South America. Homeland is considered the central part of Peru and western Ecuador. Preference is given to cichlids for rivers with a slow course, many shelters and rich vegetation. Akaras are micro-predators and feed on insects, larvae, invertebrates and small fish.
The body of the fish is high, slightly flattened laterally and elongated. The head is large with a convex forehead, eyes are larger than average, lips are thick. Dorsal and anal fin pointed, caudal rounded. The colors can be of all kinds of shades: from bluish-blue to reddish-burgundy.
Sizes vary by species. Zebra, one of the smallest cancers, reaches 4-5 cm in length. Acara bluish spotted and turquoise can grow up to 25 cm in aquarium conditions.
Males are painted more brightly and attractively. Usually in females there are only blotches of various shades. Fins in males are longer and the body is larger. A characteristic feature of males is a noticeable fat cone on the head, which appears already in adulthood.
Acara in nature
Ponds located in the northwestern part of Peru and the Rio Esmeraldas River Basin are considered the historical homeland of Acar. They are also found in South America, Central Colombia, Brazil and some other countries, preferring water bodies without a strong current with rich vegetation and multiple shelters.
In aquariums, Akar began to be kept since the seventies of the last century, and today they are one of the most popular cichlids among fish lovers.
In relation to humans, these fish are not shy, get used to quickly and even able to recognize the owner. There are times when Akars even allowed to stroke themselves.
In relation to their brothers, their behavior is very individual. Some (especially aggressive and territorial) need an aquarium completely, others will have enough of its part on which they will exist peacefully. Predator acars live in pairs from 6-8 months of age.
Proper maintenance includes a clean living environment. At least once a week, you need to change the water in the aquarium. Filtration and aeration are also required. Water should be replaced at the rate of 20% of the total volume of the aquarium. Pour fresh water very gradually, literally drop by drop. Otherwise, cichlids may become ill.
.Acams need a large amount of water. Dwarf cichlids (for example, such as a zebra) need to purchase an aquarium with a volume of 100 liters per pair, and large cichlids (for example, turquoise acar) will need at least 200 liters for two. Then they will grow healthy fish with bright colors. The insufficient size of the aquarium will lead to aggression even of peace-loving cichlids.
But caring for the Akars is not limited to this. Of great importance to them is the acidity and hardness of the water. Too low or high rates result in fish death. In the pet shop you can buy special instruments for measuring the parameters of water in the aquarium. Check acidity and hardness daily. And be sure to measure the level of all parameters in fresh water when adding it to the aquarium.
There are various chemicals that help to achieve the required values. But it’s better to take care of the fish using natural methods. For example, some aquarium plants reduce the hardness of water (elodea, hornwort). It is also recommended to use filtered rainwater or melt for the aquarium (pre-freezing it, and then heating to the desired temperature).
Cichlids are quite whimsical in caring for them. But they are also very picky about their aquarium neighbors. If you nevertheless decided to plant compatible fish with them, you should only do this at the very young age of the cichlids.
Novice cancers may not know that these fish cannot be kept in the same aquarium as snails, as cichlids will simply eat them.
Fish of this species are very fond of digging in the ground, so stones with sharp corners cannot be used. Akara may get hurt. Be sure to create all kinds of shelters in the aquarium in the form of snags, broad-leaved plants, mounds of stones. Cichlids need secluded places in their habitat.
Aquarium plants are best planted in the corners and along the back wall, so that the fish have more space for free swimming. Keep in mind that large cichlids, digging in the ground, tear out plants with a root, therefore it is necessary to fix them in separate containers.
For a long time, all cancers were assigned to the genus Aequidens (equidence), however, due to too great differences in species after the 1986 revision, they were divided into 5 genera: bujurquin, kleitracar, guianacar, krobium, and letakar.
As for the species, there are more than thirty of them: Peruvian, spotted, turquoise, red-breasted, blue, silver, black-striped and others, it makes no sense to list all. Consider some of the most popular ones:
Bluish-spotted Akara in nature lives in water bodies of Panama and Colombia, preferring those where the current is slow or absent. It appeared in Russia in 1910. The size of her body in captivity does not exceed 6-8 cm. The fish is painted in grayish-brown tones. There are many spots: oblong dark across the body, in the tail area black, bluish-green shiny throughout the body. The fin on the back is dark blue with a red border. This species is peaceful and can be kept with other fish.
Akara Mary is common in South America and lives in the waters of its northern part. The aquarium does not grow more than 12 cm in length. Body color olive-silver with a dark back and a light abdomen. All fins are red except the dorsal (it has the color of a sea wave). The iris is golden yellow. From the eye to the tail is a dark strip. The whole body is decorated with shiny blue spots and strokes.
Akara Paraguayan lives in the very center of South America. This tawny fish can grow up to 12 cm. The whole body, including fins, is strewn with shiny green spots, on the sides there are dark stripes. In small aquariums, Paraguayan cancers become aggressive even towards their brethren.
Food should be pre-chopped, especially for the feeding of dwarf cichlids and all types of cancers at an early age. As micro-predators, these fish grab food and swallow it whole. When feeding with a whole tubule or bloodworm, pieces of this food even stick out in fish from the gills. After such a dinner, the fish gets sick and dies. This kind of fish should not be fed excessively, as they overeat and begin to hurt. It is best to give them food once or twice a day a little. It is recommended to observe the regimen in feeding of cancer.
Large types of cichlids with age can already eat whole food without harm to their health.
It is recommended to alternate different feeds. The optimal food for these cichlids is: hake, cod, saffron cod, pollock, pink salmon, squid, crab, octopus, live or frozen cyclops, bloodworms, brine shrimp, washed and chopped tubule, daphnia, beef heart, beef liver, bell pepper, scalded lettuce, carrots, specialized dry food.
When feeding fish, do not abuse meat of animal origin. Heavy fat can adversely affect your cancer status.
When buying food for cancer should be careful. For example, do not buy frozen bloodworms, as most often this product may be infected. It is better to purchase a fresh analogue, making sure that there are no contaminants on the worms.
Akars spawn just like all cichlids. This can occur both in spawning and in a common body of water.
The breeding season is characterized by aggressive fish behavior.
It is not necessary to create any additional conditions. Maturity in fish occurs about a year.
Pairs are easy to create. Caviar laying can be done on stone, driftwood and even just on the bottom. This territory is preliminarily cleared by fish. The female lays about 300-400 eggs and, after fertilization by the male, wears eggs in the mouth until fry appear (from 4 to 10 days).
The fry are fed with cyclops, rotifers, ciliates and nauplii of brine shrimp.
Under good conditions of detention, they are quite peaceful and calm.
The main reason for the aggression of these fish is the insufficiently spacious aquarium. These cichlids in close proximity tend to bully and provoke other fish into conflict.
Surprisingly, females are much more pugnacious than males, and this is especially pronounced during the spawning period, when they literally throw themselves at everyone and everyone. In order to avoid fights, it is better to keep only one pair in the aquarium.
Chromis, severum, catfish synodontis, catfish pterigoplicht, shark barbus are quite suitable as neighbors for these fish. Not a very good combination with astronotus and managuan cichlazoma. They can kill a Akara in a fight.
It is also better not to add small African cichlids (scalar) to them, which run the risk of dying or living in constant stress next to these companions. Small fish, such as neons, guppies and others, are completely perceived as live food.